Porcupine or hedgehog? Fun Facts for Kids The word 'porcupine' is a combination of Latin words “porcus” (pig) and “spina” (thorn). New World porcupines are found in forests in America. Normally, when we talk about hedgehogs, we’re talking about much smaller animals that have small spikes that surround their entire bodies uniformly. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. If your pet gets stuck by a quill, remove it ASAP. These large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species. It … 7. Crested Porcupine on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crested_porcupine, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/10746/0. Some quills, like those of Africa’s crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. Populations in both Europe and Africa attract hunters for their meat, which is a delicacy in some countries of North and West Africa. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. They mate in November-December. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. Interesting Facts. Their legs are short and strong and … They weigh 12 to 35 pounds. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. It has four toes on it front feet and five toes on its back feet. The Crested Porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. They eat roots and bulbs, and regularly raid farmers crops. Crested porcupine Crested porcupine in captivity Conservation status. Cape porcupines are also known to gnaw on bones for calcium as well as in order to sharpen their incisors. 8. The crested porcupine is the size of a small raccoon, but it has the ability to make itself look much larger. The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the order Rodentia. Their quills are the primary mean of self-defense: when the animal is disturbed or threatened, the quills raise and vibrate, making the porcupine look larger than it is. The average head and body length of the crested porcupine is 60-93 centimeters (24-37 inches), with a tail length of 8-17 centimeters (3-7 inches). The collective noun for a mother porcupine and her young is a ‘prickle’. The crested porcupine is part of the family Hystricidae. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. Meanwhile, these rodents are social animals, forming small family units of an adult pair and their offspring. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), and their tails can grow up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm). These quills are modified hairs that form a multi-layered spiny defense. The African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), also known as the crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae, found in Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The largest porcupine, the North African crested porcupine, grows up to 36 inches (90 centimetres). Gestation period lasts for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies. Globally this species is very widespread, although it is a favoured food item for humans in many parts of its range, and there should be some investigation into harvest levels in these areas (e.g. They’re covered in sharp spikes that make it very difficult for predators to hunt them. 10. The smallest, the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine, grows up to 15 inches (38 cm) long. In fact, in parts of Asia they are so numerous as … The largest porcupines are found in Africa and Asia. Length. – Source When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. The spines on … African Crested Porcupines can run faster than a human and are adept swimmers. In addition, they can use carrion on occasion. When the animal is threatened, the quills stand up in an elaborate crest, or mane, along its back. Crested porcupines will also use scent marking, from glands near the anus, to mark out territories and feeding sites. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Sexual maturity is reached before getting the adult weight, within 1 - 2 years old. This rodent has rather long quills of up to 16 inches. HE stain; bar 5 200 mm. These families live in complex burrow systems, where they spend their winter months without hibernating. Wild crested porcupines can be found in parts of Italy such as Sicily. The word porcupine means ‘quill pig’ in Latin. Interesting Facts: • Like other rodents, they have a single pair of sharp, continually growing incisor teeth that they use to gnaw and rip... • Cape porcupines are a terrestrial species of porcupine, otherwise known as “Old World” porcupines. When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. The quills of New World porcupines are much smaller (about 4 inches or 10 centimeters long) but work just as well. Welcome to the sixth great mass extinction! These sturdy, sharp quills, which are about 14 inches long and marked with alternating light and dark … African crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines found in Africa. These herbivorous (lignivorous) rodents mainly consume bark, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits and cultivated crops, complementing their diet with insects and small vertebrates. They are known as Old World porcupines, and they live on the ground. The crested porcupine’s common name refers to the quills along the head, nape, and back that can be raised into a crest, in addition to sturdier quills about 35 centimeters, or 14 inches, long along the sides and back half of the body generally used for defensive purposes. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. 9. The tail is covered with shorter spines that appear white in color. Justification. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p . These circular quills can range up to … Some “S harp ” Facts About Crested Porcupines: The Crested Porcupine typically lives for about 20 years. The end of each quill has a small barb (like a fish hook) that snags the flesh, keeping the quill stuck in the enemy’s skin. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. Beneath the longer, thinner spines lies a layer of shorter and thicker ones. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List. Baby porcupines … On their back, these rodents possess long and formidable quills, which are an important mean of self-defense. Crested Porcupine Wikipedia article -, 2. So they need to be housed from 70 – 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Although clumsy on land, they are agile in water, being exceptionally good swimmers. A little look into the wonderful blue sky! – Source. When threatened the porcupine will raise its quills and rattles the hollow spines on its tail. Figure 2. – Source. Their diet consists of tubers, bark, bulbs, fruit, and roots and they can travel up to … Discovering ancient high-altitude human settlements, Stonehenge: The mystery of the Amesbury Archer, An ancient murder mystery: The Stonehenge Archer, Facts about the African crested porcupine, Facts about the black-handed spider monkey, The increasing threat to wild Chinese giant salamanders, The mystery of how flowering plants evolved, African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery, African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author Drew Avery. They are solitary foragers, taking long trips of up to 15 km each night. 6. These quills protect the porcupine against predators. Crested porcupines may travel up to 9 miles (15 … Despite a mistaken belief that porcupines shoot their quills, these animals, in fact, spread their quills, backing into the opponent and opening them upon contact. Unlike the 'New World' porcupines, this porcupine is a ground-dwelling and burrowing animal. In Morocco, these animals are believed to have a pharmaceutical value, being killed and sold in large numbers to be used in traditional ‘medicines’ and witchcraft. The African porcupine also known as the crested porcupine is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Males and females are similar in size. Crested porcupine - Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758 Images from the web. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. When the Crested porcupine is threatened, these quills vibrate, producing a hiss-like sound. Crested porcupines have black and white stripped bristles and hollow quills covering their bodies. They are nocturnal and forage alone at night, traveling up to 9 miles in their search for food. Note the moderate perivascular infiltrates by predominantly lymphocytes and plasma cells, as well as the central malacic area of gray matter with extensive glial cell and mixed mononuclear leucocyte infiltration. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest. It grows up to 15 inches (38 cm) long. Porcupine or hedgehog? They have roundish heads, small eyes and ears and a blunt, stubby muzzle. The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. Generally you don’t want to mess with porcupines but you definitely don’t want to mess with the Indian Crested Porcupine. 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