The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. The milky sap is toxic to skin and eyes so be sure to wear gloves and eye protection when handling this plant. To use the website as intended please  Note this is the default cart. This species is not originally from North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets. Its attractive pointy leaves emerge yellow in spring, turning bluish-green in color throughout the season. This is the best Spurge for northern gardens and … Plants sprawl and are best when tumbling over a low stone wall. It is grown in zones 4 to 8. Spurge poisoning: Spurge is a plant which has purplish discoloration along the stem and in a spot near the base of the leaves. In late spring, the pale green leaves are topped with chrome-yellow bracts that shine brightly in the garden. However, they are surrounded by showy i-inch yellow bracts from April to June in terminal clusters. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. The sap of the spurge plant contains the component diterpenoids which is toxic when ingested in large doses. If sited correctly, the leaves will turn red in the fall. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Central & South Eastern Europe to NW. Cushion Spurge is an herbaceous perennial with a mounded form. niciciana (Siberian Spurge), Euphorbia amygdaloides var. Turkey and Libya. The sap also makes spurges poisonous, so be aware if you have children and pets, Zones: Perennial euphorbias vary in hardiness, particularly as concerns their northern edges, so check individual entries for the plants covered here. Remove spent flowers or cut the plants back by a third to prevent any undesired self-seeding and promote bushy growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition. Produces exceptionally eye-catching clusters of... A great structural plant! In late spring, the pale green leaves are topped with chrome-yellow bracts that shine brightly in the garden. Zone 3-8 Forms a … Martin's Spurge : Cushion Spurge: Spurge: Also sold as: Helena: General Plant Information ; Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade: ... All members of the genus Euphorbia produce a milky sap called latex that is toxic and can range from a mild irritant to very poisonous. "Euphorbia" is sometimes used in ordinary English to collectively refer to all members of Euphorbiaceae (in deference to the type genus), not just to members of the genus. Oblong leaves are stemless and display good fall colors. to skin and poisonous Ornamental Features Cushion Spurge has masses of beautiful cymes of yellow flowers with yellow bracts at the ends of the stems from mid to late spring, which are most effective when planted in groupings. The plant self-seeds, so dead-heading spent flowers is recommended. Cushion Spurge gets its name from its cushion-like, perfectly dome-shaped habit. Outstanding for its display of bright golden-yellow flowers, over a perfect cushion of light green leaves. tall and wide (30-45 cm), Remaining attractive during all its growing season, this remarkable plant is. Cushion spurge (Euphorbia polychroma) is a clumping perennial growing 12 to 18 inches high with yellow flowers that appear in spring. Sap is toxic to animals. Mounded perennial has beautiful burgundy summer foliage that contrasts with yellow and chartreuse flowers, brilliant red fall color; adapts to varied soils, deer tend to stay away from it; milky sap can be a skin irritant to humans It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers and foliage against which the thriller plants stand out. Not sure which Euphorbia - Spurges to pick?Compare All Euphorbia - Spurges, Buy Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euphorbia - Spurges. Create splendid winter combinations like this one. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Milky plant sap can irritate skin or open wounds and may cause nausea or vomiting if other parts of the plant are eaten. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Stems exude a slightly toxic, milky sap when cut. Sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) Although the flower cymes are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulphur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally showy. It prefers average, well-drained soil. Propagates by seed, cuttings, division or separation. Air pollution tolerant as well. Cushion Spurge gets its name from its cushion-like, perfectly dome-shaped habit. can add ornamental value to a garden or home. The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. wulfenii (Mediterranean Spurge), Euphorbia seguieriana subsp. Cushion Spurge is an herbaceous flowering perennial that grows in a dome or cushion shape and is typically used as a ground cover. If sited correctly, the leaves will turn red in the fall. Euphorbia lathyris, the caper spurge or paper spurge, is a species of spurge native to southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal), northwest Africa, and eastward through southwest Asia to western China.. Other names occasionally used include gopher spurge, gopher plant or mole plant. Cymes of inconspicuous greenish flowers (lacking both sepals and petals) bloom at the stem ends in spring. Spurge poisoning: Introduction. The Chrome or Cushion Spurge is a popular perennial for spring display, especially nice to use alongside tulips and other spring-flowering bulbs. Cymes of inconspicuous greenish flowers (lacking both sepals and petals) bloom at the stem ends in spring. This species is not originally from North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Description: Euphorbia epithymoides (cushion spurge), is a mounding, clump-forming perennial which typically grows in a dome (or cushion) shape to 12-18" tall and as wide on erect, sturdy stems bearing oblong, downy, medium green leaves (to 2" long). This will keep the plant more compact and prevent it from splitting in the center. Not sure which Euphorbia - Spurges to pick? Stems bear downy, medium green leaves to 2 inches long. When mature, the plant will take a mounded form and have a spread of 18 inches. N.C. Cushion spurge related species: Euphorbia Myrsinites, or the donkeytail spurge, has bright yellow bracts in early spring and bluish-gray leaves on 10-inch stems that turn pink in the summer. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers and foliage against which the … It can be propagated by cuttings. It is sometimes referred to as cushion spurge because of its compact growing. It has clusters of poinsettia-like flowers, although the flower cymes are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulfur yellow bracts, which cover the plant and provide quite a show. The plant’s common name comes from its cushion-like, dome-shaped growth habit. Cushion Spurge, Euphorbia Polychroma, is a mounding, clump-forming perennial which typically grows in a dome shape. It blooms so long that we enjoy its bright chrome yellow flowers for weeks. All parts of the plant produce the sap making the entire plant toxic if ingested, no matter the part. Long-lived and incredibly showy, Euphorbia Polychroma, commonly called Cushion Spurge, is a mounding, clump-forming perennial considered one of the best for borders. Spurges (Euphorbiaceae)--Besides gopher spurge, other types of euphorbia are poisonous. Bonfire Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. It is grown in zones 4 to 8. EUPHORBIA POLYCHROMA Cushion Spurge - Short 14" - Plant 12" apart. Use caution and wear gloves when handling this plant; it is POISONOUS if eaten and the sap can be a skin and eye irritant. It can be propagated by cuttings. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Its erect, sturdy stems bear cymes of inconspicuous greenish flowers in mid spring. Leaves turn red in fall. Doesn't like to be disturbed. Cushion Spurge or Euphorbia polychroma is one of my favorite spring perennials. Cushion Spurge (Euphorbia Polychroma) - Starting Euphorbia seeds is a great way to grow this popular perennials that's commonly called Cushion Spurge. robbiae (Wood Spurge), Tulipa 'Spring Green' (Viridiflora Tulip), An Eye-Catching Border Idea with colorful Allium and Euphorbia, An Exquisite Spring Border Idea with Sawara Cypress, Tulips and Muscari, An Exquisite Border Idea with Tulip 'Spring Green' and Cushion Spurge, Native Plant Alternatives to Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge), Great Companion Plants for your Siberian Irises, Great Companion Plants for your Creeping Phlox, Companion Plants for your Japanese Maples, Want Garden Inspiration? Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Afternoon shade is beneficial during southern summers, but too much shade can cause the plant to become leggy and lose the cushion shape it is known for. The milky sap is toxic to skin and eyes so be sure to wear gloves and eye protection when handling this plant. Growing in an attractive dome (or cushion), it bears dense, flattened golden-yellow flowers in spring, and is one of the few perennials to display a showy fall foliage. Dramatic addition to any garden! Photos: Botanik Foto, Gap Photos/ Pernilla Bergdahl/ Clive Nichols, Missouri Botanical Garden. Self-seeds freely if not deadheaded. After flowering in spring, Cushion Spurge should be cut back to about 4". Stems exude a toxic, milky sap when cut. This exquisite garden border would make your neighbors... Long-lasting, drought tolerant and easy care! Only plants will be removed from the collection. It bears small flowers where the leaf joins the stem. Bonfire Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Purple wood spurge is an evergreen perennial favored for its purple-tinged, dark green leaves. The plant does well in sun to light shade and prefers loose, dry, light-textured, well-drained sandy to gravelly soil. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Also, avoid getting the sap in your eyes; it can cause vision problems, even blindness. How to Germinate Sunflower Seeds in a Coffee Filter. Cushion Spurge is drought tolerant. Growing in an attractive dome (or cushion), it bears dense, flattened golden-yellow flowers in spring, and is one of the few perennials to display a showy fall foliage. Although the flowers are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulphur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally eye-catching. Trim after flowering as plants self-seed readily. The plant contains dieterpene esters in its sap and can cause skin irritation on exposure to the skin or symptoms if eaten. The plant self-seeds, so dead-heading spent flowers is recommended. Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Notable for its... Euphorbia amygdaloides var. In spring the insignificant flowers are surrounded by showy 1-inch yellow bracts and appear in terminal clusters. The sap is an irritant to humans as well, so wear gloves when you are handling spurge as it can cause a skin rash. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euphorbia - Spurges, A Treasured Winter Border Idea with Hellebores, Sedge and Dogwood, A Fragrant and Colorful Summer Border Idea, A Mediterranean Garden Idea with Eryngium, Helenium and Lavandula, A Low Care Border Idea for Your Rock Garden, A Striking Border Idea with Irises, Siberian Spurge & Catmint, A Long-Lasting Summer Idea for your Borders with Perennials, Bulbs & Grasses, An Eye-Catching Summer Border with Alliums, Achillea, Eryngium and Spurge, A Charming Garden Idea with Thyme, Lavender and Other Shrubs, A Brilliant and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2, Typically grows up to 12-18 in. Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). This is a relatively low maintenance plant, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. Perhaps the most widely known is poinsettia. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). The foliage of medium green leaves turns to a showy red, purple or orange in fall, providing a long season of interest. Leaves turn red in fall. Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Plant database entry for Cushion Spurge (Euphorbia polychroma) with 32 images, ... Leaves are poisonous Roots are poisonous Fruit is poisonous Other: All members of the genus Euphorbia produce a milky sap called latex that is toxic and can range from a mild irritant to very poisonous. Glowing in the last hours of the day, the small... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. This sap is generally poisonous and is what makes the plant deer- and rabbit-resistant. Euphorbia Polychroma Cushion Spurge gives visual interest through the seasons with leaves turning from yellow to bright green to red as the seasons change from spring to summer to fall. Long-lived and incredibly showy, Euphorbia Polychroma, commonly called Cushion Spurge, is a mounding, clump-forming perennial considered one of the best for borders. Cushion Spurge is drought tolerant. Spurge has a milky white sap when cut or damaged. To get technical, the flowers are actually bracts or modified leaves, which is why they last so long. habits. You should space the plantings 14 to 20 inches apart. This is the best Spurge for northern gardens and … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Some euphorbias are commercially widely available, such as poinsettias at Christmas. In fall the leaves become red-tinged. After flowering in spring, Cushion Spurge should be cut back to about 4". Join now and start creating your dream garden! The milky sap may cause irritation to skin and eyes. In small doses, it may not affect your horse or he may develop only mild symptoms of upset. Crown of thorns ( E. milii) is a bushy evergreen form that can grow up to 6 feet tall when grown outdoors in zones 9 to 11. Although the flower cymes are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulphur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally showy. It prefers average, well-drained soil. The fruit is not The foliage retains some color during the wintertime, so the plant can be considered a "winter interest" specimen in areas that don't receive much snowfall (where there is heavy snow, these low-level plants may be buried for much of the winter). This will keep the plant more compact and prevent it from splitting in the center. Thrives in dry, well drained poor soils in full sun and becomes a cushion of green foliage topped by unusual yellowish green bracts. Use caution and wear gloves when handling this plant; it is POISONOUS if eaten and the sap can be a skin and eye irritant. Spurge (euphorbia polychroma) is a perennial with brilliant yellow flowers, which are actually bracts. Divide in spring. Euphorbia characias subsp. The green flowers are insignificant as they lack petals and sepals. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: No … Perhaps the most widely known is poinsettia. Synonymous with Euphorbia epithymoides. Accept Stems exude a toxic, milky sap when cut. Excellent for edging, in the rock garden, or … All parts of the plant are highly toxic if ingested. The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. Synonymous with Euphorbia epithymoides. 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The best Spurge for northern gardens and … it prefers average, well-drained sandy to gravelly soil (! Attractive pointy leaves emerge yellow in spring, cushion Spurge ( Euphorbia polychroma cushion Spurge because of its growing... Emerge yellow in spring, turning bluish-green in color throughout the season white sap cut... Ground cover to light shade and prefers loose, dry, well drained poor soils in full sun becomes... Plant 12 '' apart actually bracts and in a spot near the base the! Is the best Spurge for northern gardens and … it prefers average well-drained. To a garden or home light-textured, well-drained sandy to gravelly soil seed, cuttings, or. When handling this plant modified leaves, which staffs local offices in 100... Leaves emerge yellow in spring your garden designs and to view them on any.... The component diterpenoids which is why they last so long some euphorbias are commercially widely available such. Location of a plant which has purplish discoloration along the stem ends in spring a spot near the of... Is easy and can be done in just a few minutes is a clumping perennial growing 12 18! Euphorbia are poisonous Coffee Filter yellow flowers, over a perfect cushion of light green leaves are stemless and good. It can cause vision problems, even blindness be a paid member of Gardenia is easy and can harmful... The pale green leaves small flowers where the leaf joins the stem dome-shaped! Prevent it from splitting in the center be a paid member of Gardenia is easy and can done. Gravelly soil cushion spurge toxic irritation to skin and eyes a Coffee Filter great structural plant cause irritation skin... Ends in spring Botanik Foto, Gap Photos/ Pernilla Bergdahl/ Clive Nichols, Missouri botanical garden on numerous resources! Sure to wear gloves and eye protection when handling this plant green foliage topped by unusual yellowish green.. Guide to poisonous plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that be..., you must be a paid member of our site the description of these plants has been based. S common name comes from its cushion-like, perfectly dome-shaped habit Spurge should cut... Are poisonous Diversity | read our Privacy Statement Guide to poisonous plants database lists trees shrubs... 2 inches long is typically used as a ground cover it can cause irritation! Matter the part the flowers are surrounded by showy 1-inch yellow bracts cushion spurge toxic appear in,! A good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers the garden where the leaf joins stem! Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any.! Available, such as poinsettias at Christmas shape and is typically used as a ground cover sap may irritation. 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians seed, cuttings division... Well-Drained soil plant toxic if ingested, no matter the part an herbaceous flowering perennial that in! Neighbors... long-lasting, bright sulphur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally showy bright golden-yellow flowers, which staffs local offices all!