[34] Harvey was the first major hurricane to strike the United States since Hurricane Wilma on October 24, 2005—a record 4,323-day span[85]—and the first Category 4 hurricane to strike the United States since Charley in 2004, as well as the first Category 4 to make landfall in Texas since Carla in 1961. [25] Unlike the pattern of previous years that acted to steer many tropical cyclones harmlessly into the open Atlantic, 2017 featured a pattern conducive for landfalls;[24] in fact, the season culminated into 23 separate landfalls by Atlantic named storms. [142] Five deaths occurred, two from trees falling onto cars and three related to cleanup and repair work in the storm's aftermath. It also predicted an ACE index of 145, with a 70% chance that the index would be between 92 and 198. One person on the island died after he slipped and fell while running across a makeshift bridge; the fatality is considered indirectly related to Bret. The 2017 hurricane season, which ends Thursday, will go down as one of the most active and destructive of all time. [78], A tropical wave emerged into the Atlantic from the west coast of Africa on August 3. The extratropical cyclone dissipated southwest of Ireland on September 30. ESPN grades are on a 100-point scale. [29] Above-average activity continued throughout June and July with the formations of tropical storms (and a depression) Bret, Cindy, Four, Don, and Emily; however, a majority of these storms were weak and short-lived. [nb 2] The season featured 17 named storms, 10 hurricanes, and 6 major hurricanes,[nb 3] making the season the sixth-most active Atlantic hurricane season on record, tied with 1936. Nate rapidly weakened to a tropical storm just 40 minutes later and then to a tropical depression late on October 8. By Sept. 11, Irma weakened significantly to a tropical storm as it powered north toward Georgia and Alabama. The bottle set sail in 2017 during Hurricane Irma ... s author is thought to be a child from Cuba who released it during Hurricane Irma.The Category 4 storm also hit Florida in 2017… Don became the first Major Hurricane to make landfall in the Carolinas since Bonnie of 1998, making landfall in North Carolinaas a 115 mph (185 km/… [36] The storm's toll in the USVI included four deaths and about $2.4 billion in damage. [103] At least 84 deaths occurred in the state and damage was estimated at $50 billion. The storm steadily weakened over the southeastern United States before losing tropical characteristics in Georgia early on September 12. Preliminary reports indicated that 370 homes were flooded. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. The system weakened to a tropical depression over central Louisiana later that day, before losing tropical characteristics over central Tennessee early on September 1. The season officially began on June 1 and ended on November 30. [86] The storm gradually weakened, falling to tropical storm intensity around 18:00 UTC on August 26 as it drifted across southeastern Texas. The tropical cyclone began a period of rapid intensification shortly thereafter, attaining hurricane intensity by 18:00 UTC on August 24 and Category 4 intensity by 00:00 UTC on August 26. [76] In the Mexican part of Yucatán Peninsula, damage was reported as having been minimal. [136], A broad low pressure area developed along a stationary front well west of the Azores on October 3. The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly positions and intensities). [23], The seasonal activity was reflected with an Accumulated Cyclone Energy index value of 225 units, the seventh-highest value on record in the Atlantic. [24], The season's first tropical cyclone, Arlene, developed on April 19 and became only the second tropical storm on record during the month. Arlene would likely not have been detected without the help of satellites, and there may well have been other similar storms this early in the year in the pre-satellite era (1966 and before). The depression struggled to intensify due to a dry environment caused by a Saharan Air Layer to its east, causing the low-level circulation to weaken. [116] At least 53 municipalities in Mexico were affected by Katia. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a tropical wave, or a low, and all the damage figures are in 2017 USD. Around that time, the storm began acquiring extratropical characteristics. [149] After attaining 1-minute sustained winds of 45 mph (70 km/h), the system subsequently began to undergo an extratropical transition. Around 12:00 UTC on the following day, a tropical depression formed approximately 665 mi (1,070 km) east of Barbados. Moving northeastward into a region of increasing wind shear and ocean temperatures less than 73 Â°F (23 Â°C), Ophelia began rapidly weakening early on October 15, while a strong upper-level trough and jet stream flow caused the storm to begin losing tropical characteristics. [34], The areas near Harvey's landfall location in Texas experienced extensive wind damage. [41] Maria was the deadliest hurricane in Dominica since the 1834 Padre Ruíz hurricane,[134] and the deadliest in Puerto Rico since the 1899 San Ciriaco hurricane. Additionally, they predicted a revised ACE index of 116 units. Was this page helpful? Ophelia meandered northward, northeastward, and then southeastward over the next few days due to a subtropical ridge to its south and a mid-latitude ridge north of the storm. Extensive tree damage also occurred. [77] Damage totaled about $15 million. An additional 110,000 structures were damaged in the counties east of the Houston area. [104] In the USVI, heavy rainfall left minor flooding, with damage totaling about $500,000. Nate was the first hurricane in October to make landfall along the northern Gulf Coast since the 2002 Atlantic Hurricane Season (Hurricane Lili - more info here). Wind shear initially prevented further development, though the wave became a tropical depression around 06:00 UTC on August 17 about 505 mi (813 km) east of Barbados. [68], A tropical wave emerged into the Atlantic from the west coast of Africa on July 27. By early on November 6, convection associated with the low had become sufficiently organized and the system was classified as a tropical depression. [83] As the storm hit, severe floods occurred in Northern Ireland, with floodwaters reaching 4.9 ft (1.5 m) in height, necessitating the rescue of more than 100 people. Despite this, the system continued to strengthen, and at 00:00 UTC on November 7, the tropical depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Rina. They finished the season 10–3 overall and 7–1 in the ACC to finish in first in the Coastal Division. [50], A low-latitude tropical wave emerged into the Atlantic from the west coast of Africa on June 13. [137] In the former, dangerous conditions, including floods and landslides, forced at least 5,000 people to flee their homes for emergency shelters. After reaching the eastern Caribbean on August 3, convection began increasing. The following list of names was used for named storms that formed in the North Atlantic in 2017. Harvey turned north-northeastward and struck just west of Cameron, Louisiana, as a weak tropical storm around 08:00 UTC on August 30. [142][145] In the United Kingdom, wind gusts peaked at 71 mph (114 km/h) in County Down, Northern Ireland. Located in an area of weak steering currents, the cyclone meandered around in the region and strengthened into Tropical Storm Katia at 06:00 UTC on September 6. The season became only the sixth to feature at least two Category 5 hurricanes, after 1932, 1933, 1961, 2005, and 2007. [121], A tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on September 13. A reconnaissance aircraft investigating the system east of the Caribbean on September 5 found the cyclone at Category 5 intensity. Continuing north-northeastward, the extratropical low eventually turned east-northeastward over the Mid-Atlantic and dissipated near Newfoundland on October 11. The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was an Active season, with the first storm Arleneforming on June 2nd. [26], At least 3,364 fatalities were recorded and damage totaled $294.92 billion,[27] cementing the 2017 season as the costliest in recorded history and the deadliest season since 2005. [142], Around 12:00 UTC on October 14, Ophelia strengthened into a Category 3 hurricane and peaked with maximum sustained winds of 115 mph (185 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 959 mbar (28.3 inHg), becoming the easternmost major hurricane in the Atlantic basin on record. The cyclone moved southeast, becoming disconnected from the surrounding environment and gradually losing its frontal characteristics. Six of the ten hurricanes further strengthened into major hurricanes. Approximately 330 people were reported as going into storm shelters, and around 2,200 people relocated from the islands near the coastline to farther inland in advance of the storm. Keep up with the latest hurricane watches and warnings with AccuWeather's Hurricane Center. [40][41] October featured hurricanes Nate and Ophelia, as well as Tropical Storm Philippe;[42] Nate was the worst natural disaster in Costa Rican history, as well as the fastest-moving cyclone in the Gulf of Mexico. Amid an environment of low wind shear and warm ocean temperatures, Irma rapidly strengthened, becoming a hurricane early on August 31 and then a major hurricane less than 24 hours thereafter. It also became the second consecutive season to feature at least one Category 5 hurricane, with Hurricane Matthew reaching such strength in the previous season. [122] The NHC monitored the remnants of Lee intermittently for several days, but regeneration was not considered likely. [36] Sint Maarteen received about $1.5 billion in damage and four deaths occurred there. Philippe rapidly weakened and dissipated by 06:00 UTC the next day. October 5, 2017 12,000 years ago, Florida hurricanes heated up despite chilly seas by Geological Society of America Figure 3 from the paper: Simulated changes in climatic controls on … Southeast Florida (Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach) Southeast Florida is very susceptible … [101] At the height of the storm, more than 6.7 million electrical customers were without power. [109] In Massachusetts, falling power lines left more than 43,000 people without electricity. [118] Agricultural losses alone reached about $2.85 million,[119] while infrastructural damage totaled about $407,000. This makes 2017 the second consecutive year after 2016 where the first storms in both basins were pre-season storms. [132] The hurricane caused about $90 billion in damage in Puerto Rico and the USVI. The cyclone transitioned into an extratropical system by late on September 22, which persisted until dissipating early on September 25. A number of homes and buildings suffered damage. [25] Despite an above average number of storms to begin 2017, many were weak and short-lived, resulting in the lowest ACE value for a season's first five named storms on record. The system weakened to a tropical depression early on August 19 and then degenerated into a tropical wave several hours later. Max Mayfield, former director of the NHC, clarified that the name had no relation to Trump and was chosen in 2006 as a replacement for Dennis. Hurricane Irma had maximum sustained winds of 185 MPH at its peak in the Atlantic Ocean, which it maintained for over 35 hours, making it one of the strongest storms on record in the Atlantic basin as well as the longest lived storm of that intensity anywhere in the satellite era.Hurricane Irma’s first continental U.S. landfall occurred at Cudjoe Key in the Florida Keys with maximum sustained winds of 130 MPH … [93] In the former, about 90% of homes were damaged, with 60% of those being considered uninhabitable. [68], Following the classification of Tropical Storm Emily, Florida Governor Rick Scott declared a state of emergency for 31 counties to ensure residents were provided with the necessary resources. [13] [40], Maria then underwent an eyewall replacement cycle, causing the storm to weaken somewhat. The system recurved northeast after peak intensity and quickly succumbed to strong northerly wind shear and progressively cooler ocean waters; it weakened below major hurricane strength early on September 28, fell below hurricane strength by 18:00 UTC on September 29, and degenerated to a post-tropical cyclone by 06:00 UTC on September 30, after lacking deep convection for over 12 hours. Damage totaled about $500 million. [1] Richt said, "It's good, clean fun. About 25 homes on the western end of Dauphin Island suffered severe damage from storm surge flooding, while several other homes experienced minor damage. Consequently, wind damage was generally minor. Regardless, some outlets such as the Associated Press "poked fun" at the name and Trump. [34] Harvey killed 108 people, including 107 in the United States[34][90] and one woman in Guyana who died after her house collapsed on her. [156][157], On April 11, 2018, at the 40th session of the RA IV hurricane committee, the World Meteorological Organization retired the names Harvey, Irma, Maria, and Nate from its rotating naming lists due to the number of deaths and amount of damage they caused, and they will not be used again for another Atlantic hurricane. Although well offshore, winds from Ophelia fanned wildfires in Portugal and Spain. [148] In preparation for a potential tropical cyclone, tropical storm watches and warnings were issued in South Carolina and North Carolina beginning on August 27. The increasingly disrupted system later moved off the First Coast of Florida into the western Atlantic early the next day, accelerating northeastwards before degenerating into a remnant low early on August 2. The storm left about 50,000 households without electricity in that portion of the United Kingdom alone. [79], Two people drowned due to strong rip currents produced by the hurricane: one in the Outer Banks of North Carolina and the other in Nantucket, Massachusetts. In other states, the storm left relatively minor flooding, some wind damage, and power outages. ... Hurricane Irma: Florida’s Overdevelopment Has Created a Ticking Time Bomb. Overall, the country suffered about ₡322.1 billion (US$562 million) in damage,[136] making it the costliest natural disaster in Costa Rican history. Maria then accelerated eastward to east-northeastward across the Atlantic, before becoming extratropical about 535 mi (861 km) southeast of Cape Race, Newfoundland. These agencies include the Tropical Storm Risk (TSR) Consortium of the University College London, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Colorado State University (CSU). [122] On October 1, Lee's remnant was absorbed by another extratropical cyclone to the north. By 12:00 UTC on September 18, Maria became a major hurricane upon reaching Category 3 status. The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was an extremely active tropical cyclone season and the costliest on record, with a damage total of at least $294.92 billion (USD). Scott declares a State of Emergency for Tropical Storm Emily", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Franklin, "Tropical Storm Franklin Discussion Number 7", "Tropical Storm Jova Discussion Number 1", "Hurricane Franklin weakens to tropical storm after hitting Mexico again", "Roads in Puebla and Veracruz flooded by 'Franklin, "Remnants of Hurricane Gert Made It All the Way to Ireland, United Kingdom", "Weather warnings issued as remains of Hurricane Gert head towards Ireland", "Northern Ireland floods: More than 100 people rescued", "The record long US major (Cat.3+) hurricane landfall drought of 4323 days has come to an end with the landfall of Cat 4 Hurricane #Harvey", "Harvey barrels into Texas as Category 4 hurricane", "Harvey Mangles Texas Coast: 'I've Never Seen Anything Like It, "Houston hunkers down for Harvey, braces for long storm ahead", "Category 5 Irma Hits Leeward Islands at Peak Strength", "Dutch government: 4 Irma deaths on St. Maarten", "Home Depot destroys 1 million pounds of supplies in wake of hurricane", "Mapp: USVI Death Count Now Four, and Fatalities Expected to Rise Slightly", "Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena", "More than 63K Recreational Boats Destroyed by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma", Select Committee on Hurricane Response and Preparedness Final Report, "Barbuda is trying to totally evacuate today ahead of Hurricane Jose after Hurricane Irma 'demolished' 90% of the island", "Rip currents from Hurricane Jose flood areas of OBX; parts of NC 12 closed", "Woman Dies After Getting Caught in Jose-Spawned Rip Current", "Cape, Islands Hit by Power Outages, Storm Damage From Jose", "Hurricane Jose strengthens to 'extremely dangerous' Category 4", Tropical Depression Fifteen-E Advisory Number 1, "México: 65 muertos por sismo, dos por huracán Katia", "El huracán Katia toca tierra en las costas de México", "El huracán Katia causa deslaves que dejan dos muertos en Veracruz, México", "Iniciativa Privada donó 123.4 millones de pesos para la reconstrucción en Puebla tras el sismo del 19-S", "Deadly quake, Hurricane Katia a one-two punch for Mexico", "Appeal to raise $31 million to ease 'huge challenges' for Dominica", Housing Damage Assessment and Recovery Strategies Report Puerto Rico, United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Puerto Rican Government Admits Hurricane Maria Death Toll Was at Least 1,400", "La tormenta tropical Nate deja al menos 23 muertos y 27 desaparecidos en Centroamérica", ACT Alliance Alert: Tropical Storm Nate in Central America, "Storm Ophelia: Facts and figures of the strongest east Atlantic hurricane in 150 years", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Philippe, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Rina, "Potential Tropical Cyclone Ten Discussion Number 8", "Potential Tropical Cyclone Ten Discussion Number 9", "WPC surface analysis valid for 08/31/2017 at 12 UTC", "Tropical Storm Don Develops in Atlantic, but Its Name Is Not a Political Jab", "Tropical Storms 'Don' And 'Hilary' Bring Out Political Jokes On Twitter", "Harvey, Irma, Maria and Nate Retired Following Devastating 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season", Tropical Cyclone Formation Probability Guidance Product, Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Watch: NASA shows how hurricanes Harvey, Irma formed, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2017_Atlantic_hurricane_season&oldid=993501010, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––. Despite an unfavorable environment, with ocean temperatures near 68 °F (20 °C) and moderate wind shear, convection coalesced near the center and al… [108] A woman died after being caught in a rip current offshore Asbury Park. Storm surge and abnormally high tides inundated coastal roads and damaged or destroyed hundreds of piers. [80][81] The remnants of Gert merged with another extratropical cyclone that later threatened Ireland and the United Kingdom,[82] sparking Met Éireann to issue yellow weather warnings for the entirety of Ireland. Late on September 8, the nascent storm peaked as a 105 mph (169 km/h) Category 2 hurricane while it began to move southwestward. The storm quickly dissipated several hours later,[113] although its mid-level circulation remained intact and later spawned what would become Hurricane Otis in the Eastern Pacific. 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