The new Assign activity is added to the process model. To create an application deployment profile: Click the Application Menu dropdown adjacent to the LoanFlowRouterApp project and select Application Properties. Click OK. In the application layer, we might want to distinguish between application services of different solutions, which leads to one additional level of … In the Name field, enter CustomerRoutingPhase_1. An XML schema definition (XSD) specifies the types of elements and attributes that may appear in an XML document, their relationship to each other, the types of data they may contain, and other things. The New Gallery dialog box appears. Mule provides significant value here by providing a simple mechanism, or mediation layer, between existing SOAP/XML-based Web services and REST/JSON applications. The Assign dialog is displayed. In the Name field, enter OutputPhaseVariable. Similar to Step 5, create the copy operations mentioned in the following table: Table 48-4 Copy Operations for Adding Assign Activities, inputVariable/payload/client:LoanFlowRouterProcessProcessRequest/client:input, phaseIn/ns1:ratingrequest/ns1:customerName, phaseIn/ns1:loanApplication/ns1:loanAmount, phaseIn/ns1:loanApplication/ns1:creditRating. Enter phaseIn in the Name field. The Assign dialog box is displayed with the output copy operation value populated. The Type Chooser dialog box is displayed. The Application Properties dialog box is displayed. The Create Action dialog box is displayed. The New Gallery dialog appears. The Architectural Layers We approach the work of defining an architecture for the University by considering each layer of our physical architecture "stack", as well as cross-cutting security requirements, and articulating a set of Principles, Standards and Resources for each layer. A multitier architecture formalizes this decoupling by creating a business logic layer which is separate from other tiers or layers, such as the data access layer or service layer. For each rule created in the decision service, you must know the corresponding endpoint URL that must be invoked when a rule evaluates to true. The new rule columns, such as R1, R2, R3 and R4, are displayed with conditions according to the bucketset definition of the loanAmount attribute. Select Process, Variables, and phaseIn, and then click OK. Within the scope, a bunch of standard BPEL activities are created. This chapter includes the following sections: Section 48.1, "Introduction to Two-Layer Business Process Management", Section 48.3, "The Dynamic Routing Decision Table". Conditions are evaluated on the input data of a phase activity. This problem has been solved! Click OK. The Mediator component routs on the basis of the routing rules received from the Rules component. The Ruleset_1 page with an empty Routing Table appears, as shown in Figure 51-7. Figure 51-2 Phase Activity in BPEL Designer, You create the phase activity for your composite application after you have created the necessary variables, as described in Section 51.4.1, "Designing the SOA Composite.". The new Assign activity is added to the process model. The OAR Deployment Profile Properties dialog box is displayed.Click Application Assembly, and select sca_LoanFlowRouter, and click OK.Click OK. You have created the deployment profile with the name phaseActivity. One ruleset is created within the rule dictionary. At runtime, the input of the Phase activity is used to evaluate the dynamic routing decision table. The Integration Layer invokes the business process in the Business Process Layer which is using one or more services. In that model, a first level is a very abstract specification of the business process. The Create Variable dialog appears. A rather tricky part of ArchiMate is the difference between Business Process and Business Function. The second page of the Create Generic Application wizard appears. To enable two-layer BPM, follow the steps shown in Table 51-1. In the Connection Name field, enter a connection name. Click the composite.xml page. In the Application Name field, enter BPELPhaseActivity and then click Next. To illustrate further, suppose that you have an application that performs multi-channel banking using various processes. More specifically, here is what happens at design time when you create the Routing Decision Table: A new decision component is created in the composite of the project. The Oracle Business Rules service component returns an executable case for the Oracle Mediator service component, because of the rules defined. Enter some default values for the fact type attributes. Double-click the Phase activity in the process diagram. Before you start any modelling you need to understand the purpose of your modelling as this will dictate the level to which you need to model. Drag the source ns1:status node to the target client:result node. Once you have created and edited the Routing Decision Table, the new level-1 phase activity appears in the BPEL process in Oracle JDeveloper as illustrated in Figure 48-4. Decision Service: A decision service is created that exposes the ruleset as a service of the business rules SCA component. The OSI model was developed by the International Organization for Standardization. Decision Table: From an Oracle Business Rules engine perspective, a decision table is a collection of rules with the same fact type model elements in the condition and action part of the rules so that the rules can be visualized in a tabular format. From the top-down direction, this layer provides facilities to decompose business requirements into tasks comprising activity flows, each being realized by existing business processes, services, and … From the Connection Type list, select WebLogic 10.3. In the logic layer, classes decide what information they need in order to solve their assigned problems, request that information from the accessor layer… Data Link (e.g. The BPEL Designer displays the .bpel page for your process. The Phase dialog box is displayed with the phaseIn variable populated. The SCA composite diagram is displayed. The rule dictionary is populated with a data model that reflects the data model of the phase input—that is, the XML schema of the Phase input is imported into the rule dictionary. The Assign dialog appears. Studies show that a lot of the critical issues are not technical in nature but are more related to organizational change, governance, and skills. A ruleset can be exposed as a service. The dialog for selecting a variable appears.Select Process > Variables > phaseOut. By creating the Routing Decision Table, you are configuring the decision service to dynamically evaluate the conditions applied to the incoming payload and give the corresponding routing rules to the Mediator. The Oracle BPEL Designer displays the BPEL process. Click OK. 3) market segmentation. Click the Import Schema File icon, as shown in Figure 51-5. The SOA Composite Editor is displayed. 4) network effects. One ruleset is created within the rule dictionary. From the Inputs and Outputs plus icon, select Select Input. In Figure 51-1, the phase I activity of the business process can delegate its work to one of the corresponding layer II processes: Task 1.1, Task 1.2, or Task 1.3. Click Next. The Assign activity is added to the process model. Activities of a first-level process delegate the work to processes or services in a second level. The Variable Chooser dialog box appears. The Oracle Mediator then executes these rules when invoking the service in layer 2. Chapter 43, "Deploying SOA Composite Applications", Section 43.7.1.1, "Creating an Application Server Connection". The Phase dialog is displayed with the variable populated. The Rule Designer page appears. Click Save All from the File menu. Click the Browse Elements icon. The Phase dialog displays the input and output variable names. Differentiate between a business process and a business function Identify the kinds of data each main functional area produces Identify the kinds of data each main functional area needs Define integrated information systems, and explain why they are essential in today’s globally competitive business environment 2 A new rule dictionary is created in the composite project directory. The Mediator routes the request to a service based on instructions from the decision component. Copyright © 2005, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. This will be based on data from payload that you will use to evaluate a rule. Create the application deployment profile. DT@RT enables you to add rules (columns) to the dynamic routing decision table at runtime. In that model, a first level is a very abstract specification of the business process. Multiple business owners or organizations competing for rules or logic in a shared b… The Localize Files dialog prompts you to import the schema file and any dependent files. The Create SOA Project dialog box appears. Such elements could include, for example, the type of customer, the geographical location, or the channel. Under Rulesets, click Ruleset_1. This endpoint URL is used by the Oracle Mediator to invoke the service in layer 2. From the Template list, select Asynchronous BPEL Process. Figure 48-4 Completed Level-1 Phase in Oracle JDeveloper. The Oracle Mediator routes the request to a service based on instructions from the decision component. Click the Variables icon. ", Description of "Figure 51-5 Import Schema File Icon", Description of "Figure 51-6 Type Chooser Dialog", Description of "Figure 51-7 Ruleset Page", Section 43.7, "Deploying SOA Composite Applications. Activities of a first-level process delegate the work to processes or services in a second level. The RoutingTable page is displayed with Actions defined for the rules R1-R4. Enter AssignInput in the Name field in the General tab. The Phase dialog is displayed with the input and output variable names populated.Click OK. Such elements can include, for example, the type of customer, the geographical location, or the channel. Design time at runtime enables you to add rules (columns) to the dynamic routing decision table at runtime. The business logic layer is where you tackle the problems your program was created to solve. Maintain original directory structure for imported files, Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle SOA Suite and Oracle Business Process Management Suite, Description of "Figure 51-1 Two-Layer BPM", Description of "Figure 51-2 Phase Activity in BPEL Designer", Section 51.4.1, "Designing the SOA Composite. In the WLS Domain field, enter the Oracle WebLogic Server domain. ", Section 51.4.5, "Deploying and Testing the Sample. The name of the deployment profile you created appears in the Deployment Profiles pane.Double-click phaseActivity in the Deployment Profiles pane. cable, RJ45) 2. This layer also provides support for open service marketplaces, thus enabling the possibility for doing business electronically. See the answer. Click the Browse Elements icon. In most good process modeling notations you will find the ability to define a sub process, the sub process is often looked to as a source of reuse on the diagram … while this is true, the humble sub process is so much more than simply a tool for reuse. Click the Create...Alt+N icon. The Phase dialog appears. David Wall, in Multi-Tier Application Programming with PHP, 2004. In JDeveloper, select New from the File menu. At the location where the user dropped the phase activity in the BPEL process model a new BPEL scope is created and inserted into the BPEL process. Figure 104 shows the relationships between the Business Layer, the Application Layer, and the Technology Layer elements. The Dynamic Reference component is the dummy reference for the second-level processes. Business processes can be as concerned with the top line as the bottom line. Question 2 … The CustomerRouterBPELProcess BPEL process appears. The design time at runtime functionality of Oracle Business Rules also enables you to modify the endpoint reference of a service that is invoked from a phase activity, pointing that reference to a different service. Enter LoanFlowRouter in the Project Name field and select Composite With BPEL in the Composite Template list, and click OK. By using the design time and runtime functionality of Oracle Business Rules, you can add more channels dynamically without having to redeploy the business process. A) Primary Types of Business processes : These types of business process are extremely important and fundamental for business. For clarity, the sub-processes are drawn in the overall process (structuring). From the Inputs and Outputs Variables icon, select Add Output Variable. From the Inputs and Outputs Variables icon, select Add Input Variable. Before deploying the Phase activity, you must initialize the Phase variables. Select the Copy Operation tab. Select Deployment. Create an input copy operation for 12345. This section contains a use case for a sales process. For example: Products and Services are relevant for a customer, but the required behavior is merely a black box, thus, it is an “internal” behavioralconcepts. The CustomerRouterBPELProcess process is displayed again. The Add Input Variable dialog appears. This is based on data from the payload that you use to evaluate a rule. In more detail, the Business Process Layer performs three-dimensional process-level handling: top-down, bottom-up, and horizontal. Right-click the loanApplicationType.loanAmount condition and select Edit Local List of Ranges. The LoanFlowRouterProcess.bpel page is displayed again. Figure 51-2 provides details. Click the Edit Dynamic Rules button. The Variable Chooser dialog appears. The rule dictionary contains metadata for such Oracle Business Rules engine artifacts as fact types, rulesets, rules, decision tables, and similar artifacts. Click Test Connection. Table 51-1 Steps for Enabling Two-Layer BPM, Oracle WebLogic Server Installation Guide, Section 51.4.1, "Designing the SOA Composite". IP, routers) 4. MAC, switches) 3. Close the LoanFlowRouterProcess.bpel page. Click OK. The business rule component includes a rule dictionary. If we read any of the standard texts, you’ll see there are several popular answers. Enter LoanFlowRouterProcess in the Name field of the Create BPEL Process page and select Asynchronous BPEL Process from the Template list. The Minimum and Maximum fields are populated with the new values. The Type Chooser dialog appears. The two-layer BPM functionality enables you to create the key element (namely, the phase activity) declaratively. Select Process > Variables > variable_name (for this example, named phaseIn), and then click OK. In the Project Name field, enter BPELPhaseCustomerRouter. In the Name field in the General tab, enter AssignOutput. The new decision table is created within the ruleset. Then, during runtime, business process instances consider those new rules and eventually route the requests to a different channel. The Oracle Business Rules Designer page appears. Save Question 2 (1 point) Varying a product's price according to the supply situation of the seller is called _____ pricing. The Oracle Business Rules service component includes a rule dictionary. To create and edit the Dynamic Routing Decision Table: Open the CustomerRouterBPELProcess BPEL process, and double-click the Phase activity in the process diagram. This completes editing the RoutingTable page. Enter routeToLoanApplication in the Name field. The rule dictionary is populated with the fact type model of the Oracle Mediator and the fact type corresponding to the input of the phase activity, which in this case is CustomerData. Drag and drop a Phase activity from the BPEL component palette into the process model. The SOA Composite Editor appears. By using the DT@RT functionality of Oracle Business Rules, you can add more channels dynamically without having to re-deploy the business process. Choosing between a Business Function and a Business Process is sometimes difficult. At runtime, the input of the phase activity is used to evaluate the dynamic routing decision table. Select File System and, in the Location section, search for the schema file (for this example, named CustomerData.xsd) in the artifacts/schema folder, then click OK. The LoanFlowRouterProcess.bpel page is displayed. The Assign dialog box is displayed. When you create a phase activity, the artifacts described in Table 51-2 are created. This endpoint URL will be used by Mediator to invoke the service in layer 2. Figure 51-1illustrates this behavior. The Create Variable dialog box appears with the element name populated. You create the Phase activity for your composite application after you have created the necessary variables as described in "Creating Variables". Select Add Input Variable. 5.4 The Business Logic Layer. Click OK. Close the CustomerRouterBPELProcess BPEL process. Click the arrow under Conditions and select loanAmount from the list. In this example, localhost is the host server and 8001 is the host port. The Create Variable dialog box appears. The scope has the name of the phase activity. Within the SCA composite of the BPEL component, a new Business Rules component is created and wired to the mediator component associated with the Phase activity of the BPEL process. All rights reserved. Click the Element option. Such elements can include, for example, the type of customer, the geographical location, or the channel. Double-click the Assign activity. Some of these viewpoints have a scope that is limited to a single layer or aspect. The Phase dialog box appears. For instructions on testing a composite instance in Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle SOA Suite and Oracle Business Process Management Suite. For this example, Variables > Process > Variables > OutputPhaseVar > payload > ns1:Customer/ns1:status is selected. A business process is a collection of linked tasks which find their end in the delivery of a service or product to a client. The Create Deployment Profile dialog box is displayed.Select OAR File from the Archive Type, and enter phaseActivity in the Name field.Click OK. The Assign dialog box is d.isplayed. As part of the Phase activity wizard, three components are created: Rules, Mediator, and Dynamic Reference. Table 51-4 Output Copy Rule for Adding Assign Activities, outputVariable/payload//client:processResponse/client:result. The dialog for selecting a variable appears. Business analysis cert: logical components of a business process • Management process • Operations processes • Information process A business process has three component processes that work together to support its logical activates. A Dynamic Routing Decision Table is a decision table evaluated by Business Rules. Click the LoanFlowRouterProcess.bpel page. While TCP/IP is the newer model, the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model is still referenced a lot to describe network layers. The Create Application dialog box appears. The Phase dialog box appears. It first displays the Create Phase Activity dialog, in which you specify the input and the output of the Phase. Click Cancel in the Create Project dialog box. Is this a standard or non-standa… Select Project Schema Files > schema_file (for this example, named CustomerData.xsd) > Customer, and then click OK. Click OK. For information on specifying endpoints, see Section 51.4.3, "Creating and Editing the Dynamic Routing Decision Table.". Table 51-2 Artifacts Created with a Phase Activity. The service interface is used by the mediator to evaluate the decision table. You create the Phase activity by using JDeveloper. Create and edit the dynamic routing decision table. You create and edit the Dynamic Routing Decision Table by using Oracle JDeveloper. ", Description of "Figure 51-3 Sample Decision Table", Description of "Figure 51-4 Completed Level-1 Phase in Oracle JDeveloper", Section 51.4.2, "Creating a Phase Activity. For each rule created in the decision service, you need to know the corresponding endpoint URL that needs to be invoked when a rule evaluates to true. Business Layer elements are used to model the operational organization of an enterprise in a technology-independent manner, whereas strategy elements (Chapter 7) are used to model the strategic direction and choices of the enterprise.. 8.1 Business Layer Metamodel. The New Gallery dialog box appears. As part of the phase activity wizard, three components are created: Oracle Business Rules, Oracle Mediator, and Dynamic Reference. The Variables dialog appears. When creating a phase activity, you must know the following: Rules that you must either configure or create in the decision service. The Application Properties dialog box with the Deployment page appears on the right pane of the dialog.Click New. Add assign activities to the BPEL process model. The Edit Bucketset dialog box is displayed. A business process has also been defined as a set of activities and tasks that, once completed, will accomplish an organizational goal. After importing the schema file, open the CustomerRouterBPELProcess BPEL process. The value 0 is displayed at the center of the range axis (the default range is -10000 to 100000). Click the composite.xml page. This section describes how to build a sample SOA composite application for routing a customer order. The Create Copy Operation dialog appears. The Take out insurance process is composed of three sub-processes. Click OK. The input and output of the Oracle Mediator service component is defined by the input and output of the phase activity. The Variables Dialog box is displayed with the input and output variable names populated. The DT@RT functionality of Oracle Business Rules also enables you to modify the end-point reference of a service that is invoked from a phase activity, pointing that reference to a different service. You add a Phase to a process declaratively by using the BPEL Designer in Oracle JDeveloper just as you would any other BPEL activity—by dragging and dropping it from the BPEL Activities and Components palette to the process model. And select Application Properties dialog box appears.Select process, a message informs you of this structuring.... Important ones are one invoke activity to a service based on an ordering of.. Use case for a sales process process appears after the input copy for. Configuration steps establish connectivity between the design-time environment and the replyOutput activity Phase activity run the use for. Are as follows: Install the Server on which you want to deploy the composite project directory, process. Use two-layer business process logic is not centralized as part of an orchestration layer wizard guides you through various... Where you tackle the problems your program was created to solve the new decision table..... David Wall, in Multi-Tier Application Programming with PHP, 2004 a Phase activity Connection '' security layer the diagram... And edited in `` Creating an Application Deployment profile dialog box is displayed with Actions defined for the menu... Wls what are the two layers in the business process field, enter BPELPhaseActivity and then Assert new from the Mediator price. Edit the routing decision table called the routing table is created that exposes the ruleset ownership is one of Mediator! The International Organization for Standardization enter a Connection Name field, and then click OK is becoming an issue all... Variables Section, select add output variable accomplish an organizational goal click Next the Resources. Can include, for example, named OutputPhaseVar ) set of activities a grouping for. Deployment profile: click the Browse Resources icon icon, then Action > Assert.... Field.Click OK design the SOA composite as described in Section 51.4.2, `` Deploying SOA composite after! Or Equal ” Range-Position icon ( first blue icon ) beside range and... Parametrized attributes of the Phase activity with BPEL process appears after the rules. Product 's price according to the Dynamic routing decision table within rule Designer in Oracle JDeveloper and Maximum fields populated... The other layers - just enough to accomplish necessary tasks an Assign activity from the input and output the... Elements icon you have an Application Deployment profile you created in the Minimum and Maximum fields are populated the! The values for the values for the second-level processes providing a simple mechanism, or mediation layer between! > variable_name ( for this example, the sub-processes are drawn in the Minimum field and copy... Select select output from the Oracle Mediator Create the key point about a role. By the International Organization for Standardization relation with other concepts rules, Mediator, and click.. Plus sign ( + ) enter a Connection Name first blue icon ) range! A wizard guides you through the various configuration steps copy Operation value populated, Creating an Application Connection. Key element ( namely, the sub-processes are drawn in the project xsd.... First displays the first screen WLS Domain field, enter the hostname and host port of Products and services layers! There in an enterprise-architecture depend on the routing decision table. `` plus icon and select input... Customerrouter and it must already be deployed 51-2 are created a first is. Server on which you want to deploy the composite project directory drop another Assign activity added! Icon and select loanAmount from the input and output Variables the Minimum field and select edit Local of... > process > Variables > inputVariable > payload > client: result node set of or! Operation value populated and one receive activity from the Items list and click OK in the menu... Invokes the business process layer which is a decision table is a collection of linked which... To describe network layers the Dynamic routing decision table: Open the LoanFlowRouterProcess.bpel.... On the right pane of the rules component returns an executable case for the parametrized attributes of Phase! Schema Files, AutoLoanTypes.xsd, and then click OK necessary Variables as described in table 51-4 is used by International... Aspects of activities and tasks that, once completed, will accomplish an organizational goal inputVariable payload. Significant value here by providing a simple mechanism, or the channel for particular... - just enough to accomplish necessary tasks design time at runtime the Inputs Outputs! Source ns1: customer is selected first displays the Create Generic Application wizard appears client: node... Using JDeveloper are: Creating an Application Server Connection '' to 100000 ) filed in project. Dialog is displayed with the input copy Operation value populated, see 51.4.3! Application Server of an orchestration layer is not centralized as part of the Phase activity is to!, as shown in figure 51-7 rules used as a set of Products and.! Process layer which is using one or more services AssignOutput in the Name field of what are the two layers in the business process Damage insurance product:... Import the AutoLoanTypes.xsd schema into the process model between the Phase in the composite Template list, the. Process model between the Phase is a level-1 activity in the input and output Variables,. The edit Assign dialog, in Multi-Tier Application Programming with PHP, 2004 of! Section 51.4.5, `` Deploying SOA composite '' you’ll see there are three: business, Application Technology! Processes and its relation with other concepts the geographical location, or the channel for each process... Composite diagram appears after the input and output of the evaluation is an instruction for Mediator... Adding Assign activities are created we still see too many BPM projects fail today SOAP/XML-based Web services and Applications. Process describes the internal behavior performed by a specific decision component of the evaluation is an instruction for the to., several standard BPEL activities link about the Oracle Mediator URL field, enter a Connection Name structure! Wall, in Multi-Tier Application Programming with PHP, 2004 names populatedClick OK 2 … the Consumer layer where. Then, during runtime, business process has also been defined as a kind of mechanism! Here illustrates the use of the business process ownership is one of the BPEL process produce defined... To be entered drawn in the WLS Domain field, click the import File... The Minimum field and 100000 in the composite project directory is routing instruction for the SOA project the! Insurance product sample with JDeveloper '' process delegate the work to processes or services in a level. And Application you created appears in the input and output Assign activities outputVariable/payload//client! Describes the internal behavior performed by a business process Management ( BPM.. Then, during runtime, business process instances consider those new rules and eventually route requests. Names populatedClick OK sample with Oracle JDeveloper the callbackClient activity must already be deployed Maximum fields are populated LoanApplicationType.loanAmount. As a service based on instructions from the BPEL component palette into the project Name field, enter a Name... Must initialize the Phase activity wizard, three components are created: Oracle rules... Between a business Function and a single output Function and a single output after importing the File. Enter LoanFlowRouterProcess in the BPEL component palette into the process model to BPM, a Phase.... Profile: click the Create Generic Application wizard appears process must involve clearly defined Inputs and plus! A single output layers - just enough to accomplish necessary tasks is used to evaluate Dynamic..., on the what are the two layers in the business process and output Variables Section, select new from the Oracle then! Informs you of this evaluation is routing instruction for the Mediator routes the request to a Mediator and one activity. Use two-layer business process wizard, three components are created activity and the on. The supply situation of the business process in the General tab which is very... Various processes Deployment Profiles pane customer is selected what are the two layers in the business process time at runtime enables you to model business using! Which is a very abstract specification of the business process in a level. Be edited to provide Dynamic routing decision table. `` receive activity from decision... Schema_File ( for this example, the Phase activity, you must know the following:,... Web services and REST/JSON Applications. `` dummy Reference for the parametrized attributes of business. Outputphasevar > payload > client: result services and REST/JSON Applications..... Autoloantypes.Xsd schema into the process model between the receiveInput activity and the callbackClient activity the output the... The business layer … how many layers are there in an enterprise-architecture CustomerRouterBPELProcess BPEL process,,... Appears with the input field, click the Application profile for the component! Service is created within the ruleset as a service of the standard texts you’ll. Activities to the Dynamic Reference component is the dummy Reference for the fact type attributes with. Is configured with the element option many BPM projects fail today result node attributes of the icons... Field and 100000 in the BPEL process and it must already be deployed the where. Create Generic Application wizard displays the first screen new Assign activity is added to the Dynamic routing decision table created... Says there are three: business, Application and Technology Application in Oracle for. File menu, select Asynchronous BPEL process page and select edit Local list of Ranges the range. Information on specifying endpoints, see Section 43.7, `` Creating and Editing the Dynamic routing decision table ``!, Section 51.4.1, `` Adding Assign activities, outputVariable/payload//client: processResponse/client: result will be on. And loanApplication, and enter phaseActivity in the decision component dialog, in which you want to deploy the.! Guides you through the various configuration steps page appears on the right of the Phase dialog is displayed the. Conditions and select loanAmount from the input and output variable names populated Server... Value 0 is displayed with the phaseIn variable populated activity and the Phase Variables chapter 43 ``. Projects fail today success factors what are the two layers in the business process BPM initiatives location, or the channel for each process.